Scientists discover Higgs boson

Higgs BosonPhysicists say they are now confident they have discovered a long-sought subatomic particle known as a Higgs boson.

The European Organisation for Nuclear Research, or CERN, says a look at all the data from 2012 shows that what they found last year was a version of what is popularly referred to as the “God particle.”

CERN physicist Joe Incandela said in a statement in Geneva today that “it is clear that we are dealing with a Higgs boson though we still have a long way to go to know what kind of Higgs boson it is.”

The long-theorised subatomic particle would explain why matter has mass. It is considered a missing cornerstone of physics.

Last July scientists with the world’s largest atom-smasher announced finding a particle they described as Higgs-like.

The Higgs boson, sometimes referred to as “the God particle”, is what gives particles and everything around us mass. But what is it and why is it important for scientists? Today, were going to attempt to provide a layman explanation and a bit of history regarding this enigmatic particle.

A Bit of History

Before we dive into what the Higgs Boson is, we need to explore one of the fundamental questions in nature; “what is stuff made of?” When you look at a house, a majority will say that the house is made from either stone or wood. However when you look closer, you find that even those substances are made up of smaller and smaller stuff. Eventually, you finally get down to atoms.

Because atoms are so small, we believed for decades that they were the smallest things in nature and were the fundamental building blocks of everything in the universe. Eventually, scientists stumbled upon the much smaller electron which lead to the discovery of neutrons and protons.

Categories: Academic

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